The tragic situation in Nagorno-Karabakh – where, at of the time of writing, more than 93,000 of the region’s estimated 120,000 ethnic Armenian residents have fled -- shows that there is no such thing as a rules-based international order.
The figure is more than half of the overall population of the ethnic Armenians in the region
President of self-declared republic says all government institutions to be disbanded from January 2024 after Azerbaijani military victory.
Expansion of the Southern Gas Corridor pipelines carrying Azerbaijani gas to Europe is on hold pending confirmation that Europe will buy the gas. Baku's offensive to retake Nagorno-Karabakh could further complicate things.
Turkish strongman and Azerbaijani counterpart Aliyev appear to have eased up on ‘Zangezur’ demand. But analysts think it might only be a temporary tactical retreat.
The former state minister of the Nagorno-Karabakh and leading Russian banker Ruben Vardanyan, was arrested on the Azerbaijani border as he attempted to depart for Goris in Armenia’s Syunik province with the other refugees fleeing the enclave.
High gas prices, China slowdown and shifts in industrial production contribute to slower growth in Central Europe.
“By launching a military offensive in Nagorny Karabakh, President Aliyev forfeited the trust of Europeans. Azerbaijan’s status as a transport hub cannot be a reason for the EU to go soft on Baku,” says scholar Thomas de Waal.
Iran says it will take action against any attempt by Turkey and Azerbaijan to try to create a land bridge between the two countries across Armenia’s Syunik region next to the Iranian border.
Azerbaijanis are tired of war but it is not yet clear that the 30 years of conflict are finally over against the ethnic Armenian enclave as well as Armenia itself.
PM Pashinyan accused of “unacceptable outbursts” in describing security arrangement with Russia as “not effective” for national interests in wake of defeat of Nagorno-Karabakh’s ethnic-Armenians by Azerbaijan.
Two presidents pointedly meet in key Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan as they look to press home advantage won by quick success of Baku’s Karabakh offensive.
Refugees are fleeing from areas occupied by Azerbaijani forces, as well as from areas that are poised to be occupied by them, in what risks becoming a humanitarian disaster.
“A fresh disaster may be looming in Nagorno-Karabakh, the majority-Armenian highland enclave within the borders of Azerbaijan,” wrote veteran scholar Thomas de Waal for Carnegie Europe in a note on September 24.
A humanitarian crisis is unfolding in the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave following the launch of Azerbaijan’s so-called anti-terrorist operation on September 19. Hundreds of people have already been killed. Thousands more than have been made homeless.
Negotiations in the Azerbaijani city of Yevlakh are focused on security guarantees for the withdrawal of the Nagorno-Karabakh forces to Armenia and amnesties for its soldiers and leaders.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) called for an end to the fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh on September 21, but took few concrete steps that might help achieve that.
Defending Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh are no longer in line with Moscow’s evolving interests.
While Azerbaijani officials have said that civilians will be allowed to stay there unharmed, few, if any, of the locals believe them.